There’s a huge selection of top cultural and historical landmarks to visit in England, from castles to churches, parks and ancient structures. Featuring a myriad of influences, the historical attractions in England are as diverse as the nation’s rich history. The country that we know as England today has witnessed the rise and fall of various cultures, empires and civilizations. England is a country influenced by many, from prehistoric people to Celtic tribes, Norman and Anglo-Saxon invaders, and Roman conquerors. And it’s led to a massive selection of historical places and heritage attractions to visit today.
Based in London, the Temple Church is named after the Knights Templar, who established the church in the 12th century. The church became the headquarters of this famous charitable and military order. The first section of Temple Church is now known as the Round Church, echoing the shape of Jerusalem’s Church of the Holy Sepulchre. For modern visitors, the main highlight of this attraction is seeing the ten knights’ unique effigies, each with their own characteristics.
This UNESCO World Heritage Site is a must-see for history lovers, as a magnificent remnant of Britain under Roman rule. Built between 122 and 130 AD under the rule of Roman Emperor Hadrian, this once 73-mile wall took six legions to complete. In northern England, large sections of the wall remain intact today and they are surrounded by various Roman ruins, forts and monuments. It’s a part of the National Trail, which can be taken on foot, by bicycle, or by bus.
One of the most historical sites in the UK, Stonehenge dates back around five thousand years and is listed today as a World Heritage site. It’s one of the ancient wonders of the world, and visitors to Stonehenge won’t easily forget the awe-inspiring sight of the monument in-person and up close. Book a Stonehenge tour to make sure that you get the full experience; along with the monument itself you can explore neolithic houses and the interesting Stonehenge exhibition.
This lively open-air museum brings the industrial revolution in the north of England to life, allowing for a really hands-on approach to history. There are multiple interesting areas to explore within the Beamish complex, tracking how life in northern England was changed during the industrial revolution, focusing on the transformation of the region throughout each of the Georgian, Edwardian and Victorian periods. It’s a ‘living museum’ allowing visitors to really engage with the exhibits and get involved with the variety of different aspects on show. Wander around reconstructed school buildings, explore a drift mine, or try some wholesome baking from a traditional home farm before making your way back on historical transport.
One of the most beautiful castles in the UK, Bodiam Castle was built in 1385 by Sir Edward Dalyngrigge. Today, it’s operated by the National Trust as a popular tourist attraction. The quadrangular design of the castle is characterised by an enormous moat and a stunning courtyard. It makes a fantastic day out idea for familiar, with a wide range of activities and events held here throughout the year.
If you’re heading up north, there’s plenty of history to be explored – starting with Leeds Castle. The castle was originally constructed as a fortification by Lord Robert de Crevecoer serving under William the Conqueror. It dates all the way back to 1119. From 1278, the castle became a royal palace to King Edward. Over the years, it’s been expanded and renovated by the royals in Britain. Today it’s home to a leisure facility, aviary, and maze – plus a dog collar museum.
If you’re a fan of history, the UK houses an impressive number of interesting historical sites to visit.